# Tier 3

Transitional #### Objectives

High School Prep.  Algebra Ready, Effective Reading and WRITING.  Projects, Reports, Etc.   Career Exploration, Skills and Interest Assessments, and Mental Wellness/Health/Sex Ed.  Introductory Life Skills as well.

## Standards We Teach

#### Level A

Language Usage

• Use conventional spelling for frequently misspelled words such as "schedule."

• Revise sentences in which a pronoun has two possible antecedents (e.g., After Rusty told Jim he bought a new hat, he went to catch the bus).

• Use a pronoun that agrees in number and person with an antecedent that is a single word (e.g., Cats do not like to share their food).

• Correct an inappropriate shift in verb tense.

• Use a subjective case personal pronoun (e.g., I, he, she) in a sentence that contains a compound subject (e.g., Jack and I have blue backpacks).

• Use an objective case personal pronoun in a sentence that contains a compound object (e.g., The teacher smiled at Maya and me).

• Ensure subject-verb agreement when there are phrases or clauses between the noun and verb.

• Correct run-on sentences and comma splices.

• Ensure subject-verb agreement for two singular subjects connected by correlative conjunctions (e.g., either/or, neither/nor).

• Use punctuation to set off nonrestrictive/parenthetical elements.

• Use context to understand the meaning of a word in a sentence.

• Use Greek and Latin affixes and roots to understand the meaning of words.

• Use the relationship between specific words in order to understand their meanings.

Mathematics and Reasoning

• Find a percent of a quantity as a rate per 100.

• Calculate the cube of a decimal.

• Rewrite the sum of two whole numbers by using the distributive property to factor out the greatest common factor.

• Divide multi-digit numbers.

• Subtract multi-digit decimals.

• Multiply multi-digit decimals.

• Divide multi-digit decimals.

• Determine the whole when given a part and percent, in a context.

• Evaluate numerical expressions involving whole-number bases with whole- number exponents.

• Calculate the square of a decimal.

• Identify a statistical question.

• Identify distributions by center, shape, and spread.

• Identify median for a data set.

• Identify mean for a data set.

• Identify the range of a data set.

• Identify histograms for a data set.

• Identify box plots for a data set.

• Identify interquartile range or mean absolute deviation for data sets.

• Evaluate numerical expressions involving whole-number bases with whole- number exponents.

• Evaluate expressions at specific values of their variables.

• Use the words sum, term, difference, product, factor, quotient and coefficient to describe parts of a mathematical expression.

• Write algebraic expressions that record operations with numbers and variables (no real-world context).

• Recognize equivalent expressions.

• Rewrite the sum of two whole numbers by using the distributive property to factor out the greatest common factor.

• Find a percent of a quantity as a rate per 100.

• Determine the whole when given a part and percent, in a context.

• Divide fractions by fractions.

• Evaluate numerical expressions involving whole-number bases with whole- number exponents.

• Calculate the square of a fraction.

• Calculate the cube of a fraction.

• Locate points on a number line that correspond to rational numbers (including negative values).

• Locate points on a coordinate graph that correspond to ordered pairs of rational numbers (including negative values).

• Name the ordered pair that corresponds to a point on a coordinate graph.

• Use tables to determine the relationship between independent and dependent variables, and describe how the relationship corresponds to the equation.

• Use graphs to determine the relationship between independent and dependent variables, and describe how the relationship corresponds to the equation.

• Locate points on a coordinate graph that correspond to ordered pairs of rational numbers (including negative values).

• Complete polygons in the coordinate plane by supplying missing coordinates.

• Solve real-world problems using coordinates to find horizontal or vertical lengths.

• Find the surface area of three-dimensional figures.

• Find the area of right triangles.

• Find the area of special quadrilaterals.

• Find the volume of right rectangular prisms with fractional edges.

• Identify vertical and horizontal side lengths in the coordinate plane.

• Identify nets that represent three-dimensional figures.

• Name the ordered pair that corresponds to a point on a coordinate graph.

• Find the area of non-right triangles.

• Find the area of polygons by decomposing into triangles and rectangles.

• Locate points on a number line that correspond to rational numbers (including negative values).

• Locate points on a coordinate graph that correspond to ordered pairs of rational numbers (including negative values).

• Name the ordered pair that corresponds to a point on a coordinate graph.

• Compare positive and negative numbers using the symbols <, =, >.

• Evaluate numerical expressions involving whole-number bases with whole- number exponents.

• Calculate the square of a decimal.

• Calculate the cube of a decimal.

• Use ratio language to describe a ratio relationship between two quantities.

• Use rate language in the context of a ratio relationship.

• Find a percent of a quantity as a rate per 100.

• Convert decimal to fraction.

• Locate points on a number line that correspond to rational numbers (including negative values).

• Compare positive and negative numbers using the symbols <, =, >.

• Evaluate numerical expressions involving whole-number bases with whole- number exponents.

• Calculate the square of a fraction or decimal.

• Calculate the cube of a fraction or decimal.

• Identify the reflections across the vertical, horizontal or both axes that relate ordered pairs that differ only by sign.

• Identify nets that represent three-dimensional figures.

• Make tables of equivalent ratios relating quantities with whole-number measurements.

• Use tables to compare ratios.

• Use ratio reasoning to convert measurement units.

• Solve word problems involving division of fractions by fractions.

• Interpret quotients of fractions.

• Use ratio language to describe a ratio relationship between two quantities.

• Use rate language in the context of a ratio relationship.

• Solve unit rate problems.

• Represent values from a context with positive and negative numbers.

• Complete polygons in the coordinate plane by supplying missing coordinates.

• Identify vertical and horizontal side lengths in the coordinate plane.

• Solve real-world problems using coordinates to find horizontal or vertical lengths.

• Given an equation or inequality, and a set of numbers, determine which of the number(s) make it true.

• Solve equations of the form x + p = q and px = q, where p and q are specific nonnegative rational numbers.

• Solve inequalities of the form px > q, px < q, x + p > q, or x + p < q, where p and q are specific nonnegative rational numbers.

• Solve word problems involving division of fractions by fractions.

• Interpret quotients of fractions.

• Represent values from a context with positive and negative numbers.

• Solve real-world and mathematical problems that lead to equations of the form x + p = q and px = q for cases in which p, q and x are all nonnegative rational numbers.

• Use variables to represent two quantities in a real-world problem that change in relationship to one another.

• Explicit Comprehension of Text-Understand which detail best supports what a passage clearly states.

• Text Structure-Analyze how a part of a passage contributes to the plot.

• Style or Point of View-Explain how the author develops the narrator's point of view or attitude toward characters or events.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand the meaning of words or phrases in context.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand the figurative meaning of words or phrases in a passage.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand the connotative meaning of words or phrases in a passage.

• Vocabulary in Context-Analyze the effect of word choice on meaning.

• Vocabulary in Context-Analyze the effect of word choice on tone.

• Main Idea or Summary-Understand the theme or main idea of a passage.

• Main Idea or Summary-Recognize the best summary of a passage.

• Details That Support Ideas-Identify which detail best supports the theme or main idea.

• Inferences Supported by Text-Identify which detail best supports an inference based on a passage.

• Interaction of Literary Elements-Understand how the plot develops over the course of a passage.

• Interaction of Literary Elements-Understand how characters develop over the course of a passage.

• Text Structure-Analyze how part of a passage relates to another part or to the passage structure as a whole.

• Text Structure-Analyze how a part of a passage contributes to the setting.

• Explicit Comprehension of Text-Understand which detail best supports what a passage clearly states.

• Explicit Comprehension of Text-Understand which detail best supports what the passage clearly states.

• Text Structure-Analyze how a part of the text contributes to the plot.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand the meaning of general academic words or phrases in context.

• Style or Point of View-Explain how the author develops the narrator's point of view or attitude toward characters or events.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand the connotative meaning of words or phrases in context.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand the figurative meaning of words or phrases in context.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand the meaning of words or phrases in context.

• Text Structure-Understand how parts of a passage fit into the overall structure or contribute to the development of ideas.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand the figurative meaning of words or phrases in a passage.

• Purpose or Point of View-Understand the author's purpose.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand the connotative meaning of words or phrases in a passage.

• Purpose or Point of View-Understand the author's point of view.

• Vocabulary in Context-Analyze the effect of word choice on meaning.

• Purpose or Point of View-Describe how an author's point of view is expressed in a passage.

• Vocabulary in Context-Analyze the effect of word choice on tone.

• Purpose or Point of View-Describe how the author's purpose is expressed in a passage.

• Arguments, Claims, and Evidence-Understand the central argument or claims in a passage.

• Arguments, Claims, and Evidence-Understand which claims or statements are backed by reasons or evidence and which are not.

• Main Idea or Summary-Understand the main idea of a passage.

• Main Idea or Summary-Understand the theme or main idea of the passage.

• Main Idea or Summary-Identify the best summary of a passage.

• Main Idea or Summary-Recognize the best summary of the passage.

• Details That Support Ideas-Identify how details support the main idea.

• Details That Support Ideas-Identify which detail best supports the theme or main idea.

• Inferences Supported by Text-Identify which detail best supports an inference.

• Inferences Supported by Text-Identify which detail best supports an inference based on the passage.

• Development of Ideas in Text-Explain how a person is introduced or developed in a passage.

• Interaction of Literary Elements-Understand how the plot develops over the course of the passage.

• Development of Ideas in Text-Explain how an event is introduced or developed in a passage.

• Interaction of Literary Elements-Understand how characters develop over the course of the passage.

• Development of Ideas in Text-Explain how an idea is introduced or developed in a passage.

• Text Structure-Analyze how part of a passage relates to another part or to the passage structure as a whole.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand the meaning of domain-specific words or phrases in context.

• Text Structure-Analyze how a part of the text contributes to the setting.

• Explicit Comprehension of Text-Understand which detail best supports what a passage clearly states.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand the meaning of general academic words or phrases in context.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand the connotative meaning of words or phrases in context.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand the figurative meaning of words or phrases in context.

• Text Structure-Understand how parts of a passage fit into the overall structure or contribute to the development of ideas.

• Purpose or Point of View-Understand the author's purpose.

• Purpose or Point of View-Understand the author's point of view.

• Purpose or Point of View-Describe how an author's point of view is expressed in a passage.

• Purpose or Point of View-Describe how the author's purpose is expressed in a passage.

• Arguments, Claims, and Evidence-Understand the central argument or claims in a passage.

• Arguments, Claims, and Evidence-Understand which claims or statements are backed by reasons or evidence and which are not.

• Main Idea or Summary-Understand the main idea of a passage.

• Main Idea or Summary-Identify the best summary of a passage.

• Details That Support Ideas-Identify how details support the main idea.

• Inferences Supported by Text-Identify which detail best supports an inference.

• Development of Ideas in Text-Explain how a person is introduced or developed in a passage.

• Development of Ideas in Text-Explain how an event is introduced or developed in a passage.

• Development of Ideas in Text-Explain how an idea is introduced or developed in a passage.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand the meaning of domain-specific words or phrases in context.

• Explicit Comprehension of Text-Understand which detail best supports what a passage clearly states.

• Purpose or Point of View-Understand the author's purpose.

• Purpose or Point of View-Understand how the author's attitude/perspective is reflected in or impacts a passage.

• Purpose or Point of View-Describe how an author's point of view is expressed in a passage.

• Purpose or Point of View

• Arguments, Claims, and Evidence-Understand the central argument or claims in a passage.

• Arguments, Claims, and Evidence-Understand which claims or statements are backed by reasons or evidence and which are not.

• Main Idea or Summary-Understand the main idea of a passage.

• Main Idea or Summary-Recognize the best summary of a passage.

• Details That Support Ideas-Identify how details support the main idea.

• Inferences Supported by Text-Identify which detail best supports an inference based on a passage.

• Development of Ideas in Text-Explain how a person, event, or idea is introduced or developed in a passage.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand the meaning of domain-specific words or phrases in context.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand the meaning of general academic words or phrases in context.

• Text Structure-Understand how parts of a passage fit into the overall structure or contribute to the development of ideas.

#### Level B

Language Usage

• Use conventional spelling for frequently misspelled words such as "recommend."

• Use conventional spelling for frequently confused words such as decent/descent/dissent.

• Revise sentences that inappropriately use "you" as an indefinite reference (e.g., At the ice rink, you can rent a pair of skates).

• Use a pronoun that agrees in number with an antecedent that includes an indefinite pronoun (e.g., each of the girls had worn out her shoes).

• Place prepositional phrases within a sentence correctly.

• Correct dangling and misplaced modifiers.

• Correct sentence fragments in the context of a piece of writing.

• Ensure subject-verb agreement with singular indefinite pronouns (each, everybody, anyone, etc.).

• Use a comma to separate coordinate adjectives.

• Use colons to introduce items in a series correctly.

• Use Greek and Latin affixes and roots to understand the meaning of words.

• Use the relationship between words in a sentence (comparison) to better understand the meaning of a particular word.

Mathematics and Reasoning

• Add two integers (both negative, or one positive and one negative).

• Add and subtract three or more rational numbers in decimal form with various signs.

• Multiply two rational numbers in decimal form (both negative, or one positive and one negative).

• Divide two rational numbers in decimal form (both negative, or one positive and one negative).

• Multiply and divide three or more rational numbers in decimal form with various signs.

• Subtract two integers (both negative, or one positive and one negative).

• Add and subtract three or more integers with various signs.

• Multiply two integers (both negative, or one positive and one negative).

• Divide two integers (both negative, or one positive and one negative).

• Multiply and divide three or more integers with various signs.

• Identify the prime factorization of a given whole number.

• Add two rational numbers in decimal form (both negative, or one positive and one negative).

• Subtract two rational numbers in decimal form (both negative, or one positive and one negative).

• Identify a representative sample for a given population.

• Draw inferences about a population based on data from a random sample.

• Compare samples from the same population to estimate variations.

• Compare centers of two data sets of similar variability based on graphical representation of their distributions.

• Compare numerical data sets using measures of center and variability.

• Identify equivalent representation of a rational number as fraction, decimal, and percent.

• Add linear expressions with rational coefficients.

• Subtract linear expressions with rational coefficients.

• Expand linear expressions with rational coefficients.

• Factor linear expressions with rational coefficients.

• Add two integers (both negative, or one positive and one negative).

• Add and subtract three or more rational numbers with various signs.

• Multiply two rational numbers (both negative, or one positive and one negative).

• Divide two rational numbers (both negative, or one positive and one negative).

• Multiply and divide three or more rational numbers with various signs.

• Subtract two integers (both negative, or one positive and one negative).

• Add and subtract three or more integers with various signs.

• Multiply two integers (both negative, or one positive and one negative).

• Divide two integers (both negative, or one positive and one negative).

• Multiply and divide three or more integers with various signs.

• Identify the prime factorization of a given whole number.

• Add two rational numbers (both negative, or one positive and one negative).

• Subtract two rational numbers (both negative, or one positive and one negative).

• Given a graph of a real-world or mathematical proportional relationship, describe the meaning of a point (x, y) on that graph.

• Interpret the graph of a solution set of an inequality in terms of a given context.

• Identify the graph of the solution set of an inequality of the form px + q > r or px + q < r, where p, q, and r are specific rational numbers.

• Find volumes and surface areas of prisms.

• Find the area and circumference of circles.

• Represent proportional relationships for similar figures with equations.

• Identify constant of proportionality (scale factor) for similar figures.

• Find actual or scale lengths for geometric figures.

• Convert rational number to decimal using long division (non-repeating decimal).

• Identify equivalent representation of a rational number as fraction, decimal, and percent.

• Identify the prime factorization of a given whole number.

• Represent the probability of a simple event with a number between 0 and 1.

• Compute experimental probability from a set of events.

• Identify the relative frequency of an event given a probability of the event.

• Compute theoretical probability from models.

• Compare probabilities from a model to observed frequencies.

• Find the probability of compound events.

• Identify appropriate representations of compound events.

• Identify an appropriate simulation for a compound event.

• Identify equivalent representation of a rational number as fraction, decimal, and percent.

• Convert rational number to decimal using long division (non-repeating decimal).

• Identify the prime factorization of a given whole number.

• Represent proportional relationships for similar figures with equations.

• Identify constant of proportionality (scale factor) for similar figures.

• Find actual or scale lengths for geometric figures.

• Determine if a combination of three angle or side measures defines one, no or many triangles.

• Identify the two-dimensional figure that is the result of slicing three-dimensional figures.

• Solve multistep problems involving angle measures.

• Write equations for unknown angles.

• Given a graph of a real-world or mathematical proportional relationship, describe the meaning of a point (x, y) on that graph.

• Identify constant of proportionality.

• Represent proportional relationships with equations.

• Solve multi-step percent and ratio problems.

• Match addition or subtraction expressions to real-world contexts.

• Match multiplication or division expression of rational numbers with a real-world context.

• Solve real-world or mathematical problems involving the four operations with rational numbers (one or two steps only, result is unknown).

• Find actual or scale lengths for geometric figures.

• Solve multistep problems involving angle measures.

• Write equations for unknown angles.

• Match addition or subtraction expressions to real-world contexts.

• Solve inequalities of the form px + q > r or px + q < r, where p, q, and r are specific rational numbers.

• Construct inequalities of the form px + q > r or px + q < r to represent quantities in real-world or mathematical problems, where p, q, and r are specific rational numbers.

• Solve word problems that lead to linear inequalities (i.e. ax + b > c or ax +b < c, where x is a variable and a, b, and c are rational numbers).

• Match multiplication or division expression of rational numbers with a real-world context.

• Solve equations of the form p(x + q) = r, where p, q, and r are specific rational numbers.

• Solve equations of the form px + q = r, where p, q, and r are specific rational numbers.

• Construct equations of the form px + q = r or p(x + q) = r to represent quantities in real-world or mathematical problems, where p, q, and r are specific rational numbers.

• Solve multi-step percent and ratio problems.

• Solve real-world or mathematical problems involving the four operations with rational numbers (one or two steps only, result is unknown).

• Solve multistep real-life and mathematical problems posed with positive and negative rational numbers in any form.

• Solve word problems that lead to linear equations (i.e. ax + b = c or a(x + b) = c, where x is a variable and a, b, and c are rational numbers).

• Explicit Comprehension of Text-Understand which detail best supports what a passage clearly states.

• Style or Point of View-Understand characters' different points of view, attitudes, or perspectives.

• Style or Point of View-Understand ways in which an author conveys characters' different points of view, attitudes, or perspectives.

• Style or Point of View-Understand ways in which an author develops a narrator's point of view, attitude, or perspective.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand the meaning of words or phrases in context.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand the meaning of figurative words or phrases.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand the connotations of words or phrases.

• Main Idea or Summary-Understand the theme or main idea of a passage.

• Main Idea or Summary-Recognize the best summary of a passage.

• Details That Support Ideas-Identify which detail best supports the theme or main idea.

• Inferences Supported by Text-Identify which detail best supports an inference based on a passage.

• Interaction of Literary Elements-Understand how a setting affects characters.

• Interaction of Literary Elements-Understand how a setting affects the plot.

• Interaction of Literary Elements-Describe how various story elements interact and contribute to plot development.

• Text Structure-Analyze how parts of a passage interact with each other or contribute to the passage structure as a whole.

• Explicit Comprehension of Text-Understand which detail best supports what a passage clearly states.

• Explicit Comprehension of Text-Understand which detail best supports what the passage clearly states.

• Style or Point of View-Understand characters' different points of view, attitudes, or perspectives.

• Vocabulary in Context-Identify the figurative meaning of words or phrases in a passage.

• Style or Point of View-Understand ways in which an author conveys characters' different points of view, attitudes, or perspectives.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand how word choice affects meaning.

• Style or Point of View-Understand ways in which an author develops a narrator's point of view, attitude, or perspective.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand how word choice affects tone.

• Text Structure-Understand how various portions of a passage interact with each other to create an overall structure or how they contribute to the development of ideas.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand the meaning of words or phrases in context.

• Purpose or Point of View-Understand the author's purpose.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understands the meaning of figurative words or phrases.

• Purpose or Point of View-Understand how the author's attitude/perspective is reflected in or impacts a passage.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand the connotations of words or phrases.

• Main Idea or Summary-Identify the main idea in a passage.

• Main Idea or Summary-Understand the theme or main idea of a passage.

• Main Idea or Summary-Identify the best summary of a passage.

• Main Idea or Summary-Recognize the best summary of the passage.

• Details That Support Ideas-Identify which detail supports the main idea.

• Details That Support Ideas-Identify which detail best supports the theme or main idea.

• Inferences Supported by Text-Identify which detail best supports an inference.

• Inferences Supported by Text-Identify which detail best supports an inference based on the passage.

• Development of Ideas in Text-Understand how individuals, events, or ideas connect in a passage.

• Interaction of Literary Elements-Understand how a setting affects characters.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand the meaning of domain-specific words or phrases in context.

• Interaction of Literary Elements-Understand how a setting affects the plot.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand the meaning of general academic words or phrases in context.

• Interaction of Literary Elements-Describe how various story elements interact and contribute to plot development.

• Vocabulary in Context-Identify the connotative meaning of words or phrases in a passage.

• Text Structure-Analyze how parts of a passage interact with each other or contribute to the passage structure as a whole.

• Explicit Comprehension of Text-Understand which detail best supports what a passage clearly states.

• Vocabulary in Context-Identify the figurative meaning of a word or phrase in a passage.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand how word choice affects meaning.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand how word choice affects tone.

• Text Structure-Understand how various portions of a passage interact with each other to create an overall structure or contribute to the development of ideas.

• Purpose or Point of View-Understand the author's purpose.

• Purpose or Point of View-Understand how the author's attitude/perspective is reflected in or impacts a passage.

• Arguments, Claims, and Evidence-Understand an author's claims.

• Arguments, Claims, and Evidence-Evaluate the author's reasoning.

• Arguments, Claims, and Evidence-Evaluate the relevance or sufficiency of the evidence or support the author provides.

• Main Idea or Summary-Identify the main idea in a passage.

• Main Idea or Summary-Identify the best summary of a passage.

• Details That Support Ideas-Identify which detail supports the main idea.

• Inferences Supported by Text-Identify which detail best supports an inference.

• Development of Ideas in Text-Understand how individuals, events, or ideas connect in a passage.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand the meaning of domain-specific words or phrases in context.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand the meaning of general academic words or phrases in context.

• Vocabulary in Context-Identify the connotative meaning of a word or phrase in a passage.

• Explicit Comprehension of Text-Understand which detail best supports what a passage clearly states.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand how word choice affects tone.

• Text Structure-Understand how various portions of a passage interact with each other to create an overall structure or contribute to the development of ideas.

• Purpose or Point of View-Understand the author's purpose.

• Purpose or Point of View-Understand how the author's attitude/perspective is reflected in or impacts the passage.

• Arguments, Claims, and Evidence-Understand the author's claims.

• Arguments, Claims, and Evidence-Evaluate the author's reasoning.

• Arguments, Claims, and Evidence-Evaluate the relevance or sufficiency of the evidence or support the author provides.

• Main Idea or Summary-Identify the main idea in a passage.

• Main Idea or Summary-Recognize the best summary of a passage.

• Details That Support Ideas-Identify which detail supports the main idea.

• Inferences Supported by Text-Identify which detail best supports an inference based on a passage.

• Development of Ideas in Text-Explain how individuals, events, and/or ideas in a passage are connected.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand the meaning of domain-specific words or phrases in context.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand the meaning of general academic words or phrases in context.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand how word choice affects meaning.

#### Level C

Language Usage

• Use conventional spelling for frequently misspelled words such as "accommodate."

• Use conventional spelling for frequently confused words such as "affect/effect."

• Revise a sentence in the passive voice to put it in the active voice.

• Revise a sentence that contains a pronoun that lacks an antecedent (e.g., It said on the Internet that it would rain tomorrow).

• Use the appropriate pronoun in a sentence that has a collective noun as an antecedent (e.g., The team won its first trophy).

• Ensure subject-verb agreement with collective nouns.

• Correct run-on sentences and comma splices in the context of a piece of writing.

• Place restrictive and non-restrictive clauses within a sentence correctly.

• Use dashes to set off an appositive.

• Use semicolons and commas with items in a series correctly.

• Use Greek and Latin affixes and roots to understand the meaning of words.

Mathematics and Reasoning

• Evaluate numerical expressions involving integer exponents.

• Find square roots of small perfect squares of whole numbers.

• Find cube roots of small perfect cubes of whole numbers.

• Compute with numbers given in scientific notation.

• Find square roots of small perfect squares of positive rational numbers in decimal form.

• Find cube roots of small perfect cubes of positive rational numbers in decimal form.

• Evaluate complex numerical expressions involving signed numbers, decimals, integer exponents, etc.

• Interpret scatter plots for bivariate measurement data noting clustering or outliers.

• Interpret scatter plots for bivariate measurement data noting positive or negative relationships and linear/non-linear relationships.

• Identify and assess a line that represents a fit to bivariate data.

• Solve problems using the equation of the line of best fit.

• Understand bivariate categorical data expressed in a two-way table.

• Use the rows and columns in a table to calculate relative frequency to suggest a relationship between two variables.

• Use properties of integer exponents to identify equivalent numerical expressions.

• Represent approximate values of extremely large or small numbers, in a context, as a single digit multiplied by 10 to an integer power.

• Compute with numbers given in scientific notation.

• Find square roots of small perfect squares of whole numbers.

• Find cube roots of small perfect cubes of whole numbers.

• Evaluate numerical expressions involving integer exponents.

• Find square roots of small perfect squares of positive fractions.

• Find cube roots of small perfect cubes of positive fractions.

• Evaluate complex numerical expressions involving signed numbers, decimals, integer exponents, etc.

• Identify functions that are not linear.

• Determine the initial value for a function, given a verbal description of the relationship, or two (x, y) values either explicitly or in a table or graph.

• Determine the rate of change for a function, given a verbal description of the relationship, or two (x, y) values either explicitly or in a table or graph.

• Identify a function that models a linear relationship between two quantities.

• Compare proportional relationships represented in different ways (equations or tables, and graphs).

• Compare functions represented in different ways (equations, tables, graphs, verbal descriptions).

• Identify relations that are functions.

• Identify equations of the form y = mx + b as a linear function.

• Identify the graph of proportional relationships.

• Given a line through the origin, write the equation for that line.

• Given a line with a non-zero y-intercept, write the equation for that line in slope- intercept form.

• Given a function equation and a scenario, describe the meaning of the y-intercept in terms of the context.

• Given a function equation and a scenario, describe the meaning of the slope in terms of the context.

• Given a qualitative description of functional relationship, identify the graph that corresponds to it.

• Use qualitative language to describe the relationship between two variables when given a graph of the function.

• Apply the Pythagorean theorem to find unknown sides.

• Apply the Pythagorean theorem to find distances in a coordinate plane.

• Find the volume of cones.

• Find the volume of cylinders.

• Find the volume of spheres.

• Convert rational numbers to decimals (including repeating decimal).

• Identify the simplified radical form for non-perfect square roots or cube roots.

• Convert repeating decimals to a rational numbers.

• Find square roots of small perfect squares of whole numbers.

• Find cube roots of small perfect cubes of whole numbers.

• Find square roots of small perfect squares of positive rational numbers in decimal

• Find cube roots of small perfect cubes of positive rational numbers in decimal form.

• Identify rational and irrational numbers.

• Locate irrational numbers approximately on a number line.

• Use rational approximation of irrational numbers to compare their sizes.

• Convert rational numbers to decimals (including repeating decimal).

• Use rational approximation of irrational numbers to compare their sizes.

• Convert repeating decimals to a rational numbers.

• Find square roots of small perfect squares of whole numbers.

• Find cube roots of small perfect cubes of whole numbers.

• Find square roots of small perfect squares of positive fractions.

• Find cube roots of small perfect cubes of positive fractions.

• Identify rational and irrational numbers.

• Identify the simplified radical form for non-perfect square roots or cube roots.

• Locate irrational numbers approximately on a number line.

• Identify the effect of rotations.

• Identify the effect of reflections.

• Identify the effect of translations.

• Identify the effect of dilations.

• Identify congruent figures.

• Identify similar figures.

• Compare proportional relationships represented in different ways (equations or tables, and graphs).

• Interpret the slope of a graph of a proportional relationship as the unit rate.

• Identify a function that models a linear relationship between two quantities.

• Apply the Pythagorean theorem to find distances in a coordinate plane.

• Solve equations of the form x^2 = p, where p is a positive rational number that is a perfect square.

• Solve equations of the form x^3 = p, where p is a positive rational number that is a perfect cube.

• Solve linear equations in one variable with rational number coefficients (including ones that require distribution property and collecting like terms).

• Determine the number of solutions to a linear equation (0, 1, or infinite).

• Represent solutions to: x^2 = n (where n is a rational, positive, non-perfect square) as a number in radical form.

• Represent solutions to: x^3 = n (where n is a rational, positive, non-perfect cube) as a number in radical form.

• Solve system of two linear equations in two variables.

• Solve real world and mathematical problems leading to two linear equations in two variables.

• Determine the number of solutions to a system of two linear equations (0, 1, or infinite).

• Explicit Comprehension of Text-Understand which detail best supports what a passage clearly states.

• Interaction of Literary Elements-Understand how events contribute to decision points.

• Text Structure-Analyze how parts of a passage interact with each other or contribute to the passage structure as a whole.

• Style or Point of View-Understand differences in the points of view or attitudes of characters.

• Style or Point of View-Understand how an author creates suspense.

• Style or Point of View-Understand how an author creates humor.

• Style or Point of View-Analyze how an author conveys a narrator's point of view or attitude toward characters or plot events.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand how word choice affects meaning.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand how word choice affects tone.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand how figurative language contributes to meaning.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand the meaning of words or phrases in context.

• Main Idea or Summary-Understand the main idea or theme of a passage.

• Main Idea or Summary-Recognize the best summary of a passage.

• Details That Support Ideas-Identify which detail best supports the main idea or theme.

• Inferences Supported by Text-Identify which detail best supports an inference based on a passage.

• Interaction of Literary Elements-Understand how dialogue moves the plot forward.

• Interaction of Literary Elements-Understand how dialogue helps reveal characters' traits.

• Interaction of Literary Elements-Understand how events fit within a larger plot.

• Interaction of Literary Elements-Understand how events help reveal characters' traits.

• Explicit Comprehension of Text-Understand which detail best supports what a passage clearly states.

• Explicit Comprehension of Text-Understand which detail best supports what the passage clearly states.

• Interaction of Literary Elements-Understand how events contribute to decision points.

• Vocabulary in Context-Identify the connotative meaning of a word or phrase in a passage.

• Text Structure-Analyze how parts of a passage interact with each other or contribute to the passage structure as a whole.

• Vocabulary in Context-Identify the figurative meaning of a word or phrase in a passage.

• Style or Point of View-Understand differences in the points of view or perspectives of characters.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand how word choice affects meaning.

• Style or Point of View-Understand how an author creates suspense.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand how analogies or allusions affect meaning.

• Style or Point of View-Understand how an author creates humor.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand how word choice affects tone.

• Style or Point of View-Analyze how an author conveys a narrator's attitude toward characters or plot events.

• Text Structure-Understand the role a part of a passage plays in creating an overall structure or in developing ideas.

• Purpose or Point of View-Understand the author's purpose.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand how word choice affects meaning.

• Purpose or Point of View-Understand how the author's attitude/perspective is reflected in or impacts a passage.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand how word choice affects tone.

• Purpose or Point of View-Understand how the author addresses contrasting

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand how figurative language contributes to meaning.

• Arguments, Claims, and Evidence-Understand the author's claims.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand the meaning of words or phrases in context.

• Main Idea or Summary-Understand the main idea of a passage.

• Main Idea or Summary-Understand the main idea or theme of a passage.

• Arguments, Claims, and Evidence-Evaluate the author's reasoning.

• Arguments, Claims, and Evidence-Evaluate the relevance or sufficiency of the evidence the author provides.

• Main Idea or Summary-Identify the best summary of a passage.

• Main Idea or Summary-Recognize the best summary of the passage.

• Details That Support Ideas-Identify which detail best supports the main idea.

• Details That Support Ideas-Identify which detail best supports the main idea or theme.

• Inferences Supported by Text-Identify which detail best supports an inference.

• Inferences Supported by Text-Identify which detail best supports an inference based on the passage.

• Main Idea or Summary-Explain how a main idea is developed in a passage.

• Interaction of Literary Elements-Understand how dialogue moves the plot forward.

• Development of Ideas in Text-Understand how individuals, events, or ideas connect in a passage.

• Interaction of Literary Elements-Understand how dialogue helps reveal characters' traits.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand the meaning of domain-specific words or phrases in context.

• Interaction of Literary Elements-Understand how events fit within a larger plot.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand the meaning of general academic words or phrases in context.

• Interaction of Literary Elements-Understand how events help reveal characters' traits.

• Explicit Comprehension of Text-Understand which detail best supports what a passage clearly states.

• Vocabulary in Context-Identify the connotative meaning of a word or phrase in a passage.

• Vocabulary in Context-Identify the figurative meaning of a word or phrase in a passage.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand how word choice affects meaning.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand how analogies or allusions affect meaning.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand how word choice affects tone.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand how analogies or allusions affect tone.

• Text Structure-Understand the role a part of a passage plays in creating an overall structure or in developing ideas.

• Purpose or Point of View-Understand the author's purpose.

• Purpose or Point of View-Understand how the author's attitude/perspective is reflected in or impacts a passage.

• Purpose or Point of View-Understand how the author addresses contrasting evidence or views.

• Main Idea or Summary-Understand the main idea of a passage.

• Arguments, Claims, and Evidence-Understand the author's claims.

• Arguments, Claims, and Evidence-Evaluate the author's reasoning.

• Arguments, Claims, and Evidence-Evaluate the relevance or sufficiency of the evidence or support the author provides.

• Main Idea or Summary-Identify the best summary of a passage.

• Details That Support Ideas-Identify which detail best supports the main idea.

• Inferences Supported by Text-Identify which detail best supports an inference.

• Main Idea or Summary-Explain how a main idea is developed in a passage.

• Development of Ideas in Text-Understand how individuals, events, or ideas connect in a passage.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand the meaning of domain-specific words or phrases in context.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand the meaning of general academic words or phrases in context.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand how word choice affects meaning.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand how analogies are used to illustrate or clarify concepts.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand how word choice affects tone.

• Text Structure-Understand the role a part of a passage plays in creating an overall structure or in developing ideas.

• Purpose or Point of View-Understand the author's purpose.

• Purpose or Point of View-Understand how the author's attitude/perspective is reflected in or impacts a passage.

• Purpose or Point of View-Understand how the author anticipates or addresses a counterargument.

• Arguments, Claims, and Evidence-Understand the author's claims.

• Arguments, Claims, and Evidence-Evaluate the author's reasoning.

• Arguments, Claims, and Evidence-Evaluate the relevance or sufficiency of the evidence or support the author provides.

• Main Idea or Summary-Understand the central idea of a passage.

• Main Idea or Summary-Recognize the best summary of a passage.

• Details That Support Ideas-Identify which detail best supports the central idea.

• Inferences Supported by Text-Identify which detail best supports an inference based on a passage.

• Main Idea or Summary-Trace how a central idea is developed in a passage.

• Development of Ideas in Text-Explain how individuals, events, and/or ideas in a passage are connected.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand the meaning of domain-specific or academic vocabulary in context.

• Vocabulary in Context-Understand the meaning of general academic words or phrases in context.