Tier 1

Early Learning

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Objectives

Focus on FUN and reading skills.  Include basic math and social behavior.  Providing a basic worldview and experiential science. Tablets are available to each student.

Standards We Teach

Level A

Language Usage

  • Use the prepositions "for," "of," and "with."

  • Use the prepositions "to," "from," and "by."

  • Use the prepositions "in," "out," "on," and "off."

  • Understand and use question words "who," "what," and "where."

  • Understand and use question words "when," "why," and "how."

  • Recognize end punctuation.

  • Distinguish between uppercase and lowercase letters.

  • Capitalize the first word in a sentence.

  • Capitalize the pronoun "I."

  • Identify multiple meanings of words such as "back" and "park."

  • Use the most frequently occurring inflections (-s, -ed, and -ing) as a clue to the meaning of a word.

  • Demonstrate understanding of frequently occurring verbs by relating them to their opposites (e.g., "stop" and "go").

  • Demonstrate understanding of frequently occurring adjectives by relating them to their opposites (e.g., "big" and "little").

 

Mathematics and Reasoning

  • Add within 10 using objects or drawings.

  • Add within 5 (no objects or drawings).

  • Subtract within 10 using objects or drawings.

  • Add two 1 digit numbers, sum > 10.

  • Count and order categories of objects.

  • Identify measurable attributes of an object.

  • Use more/less to describe comparison between objects on a measurable attribute.

  • Tell how many, up to 20.

  • Compare two sets of objects, up to 20.

  • Compare two numerals, up to 10.

  • Decompose and recompose teens as a ten and ones.

  • Identify triangles, squares, rectangles, circles, and cubes in pictures of real world objects.

  • Describe relative position of objects using terms like "above," "below," "beside."

  • Identify triangles and rectangles regardless of their orientation or size.

  • Distinguish between 2D and 3D shapes.

  • Compare 2D shapes by attribute using informal language (e.g., number of corners).

  • Compare 3D shapes by attribute using informal language (e.g. number of sides or corners).

  • Identify simple shapes used to form larger shapes.

  • Identify measurable attributes of an object.

  • Use more/less to describe comparison between objects on a measurable attribute.

  • Identify how many more are needed to make 10 when given a number between 1 and 9.

  • Represent addition with expressions and equations.

  • Represent subtraction with expressions and equations.

Level B

Language Usage

  • Use conventional spelling for single-syllable words with the CVC short vowel spelling pattern such as "cat."

  • Use conventional spelling for single-syllable words with the CVCC and CCVC short vowel spelling patterns such as "cost" and "trap."

  • Use conventional spelling for single-syllable words with the CVVC and CVCe long vowel spelling patterns such as "main" and "bake."

  • Use conventional spelling for single-syllable words with the -ar and -or spelling patterns such as "park" and "cork."

  • Use conventional spelling for single-syllable words with the -er, -ir-, -ur- spelling patterns such as "her," "bird," and "turn."

  • Use the frequently occurring conjunctions "and," "so," "but," "or," and "because."

  • Use plural personal pronouns (e.g., we, you, they, them).

  • Use possessive pronouns (e.g., my, his, hers, their).

  • Use indefinite pronouns (e.g., both, anyone, everything).

  • Use common nouns.

  • Use proper nouns.

  • Use possessive nouns.

  • Use definite and indefinite articles.

  • Use the demonstrative pronouns "this," "that," "these," and "those."

  • Use the prepositions "during," "beyond," and "toward."

  • Use regular verbs in the past tense.

  • Use verbs in the present tense.

  • Use verbs in the future tense.

  • Use frequently occurring adjectives.

  • Use singular personal pronouns (e.g., I, me, him, her).

  • Use singular nouns with matching verbs in basic sentences.

  • Use plural nouns with matching verbs in basic sentences.

  • Recognize that sentences with a subject and a predicate are complete.

  • Distinguish sentences that ask questions from sentences that make statements.

  • Use commas to separate single words in a series.

  • Use question marks and periods correctly.

  • Capitalize days of the week and names of months.

  • Capitalize names of people.

  • Use sentences as context to understand the meaning of a word or phrase.

  • Use common affixes, such as re-, un-, and -ful, as clues to the meaning of a word.

  • Understand inflectional forms of common root words, such as "heats," "heated," and "heating."

  • Categorize words logically.

  • Explain nouns through using their key attributes, such as "A bird is an animal that flies."

  • Differentiate between shades of meaning with verbs and adjectives, such as "small" and "tiny."

  • Identify the relationship signaled by frequently occurring conjunctions (e.g., "because," "or," "and").

 

Mathematics and Reasoning

  • Add a 2-digit number and a 1-digit number, sum within 100, no regrouping.

  • Add a 2-digit number and a multiple of ten, within 100, no regrouping.

  • Add two 2-digit numbers, sum within 100, no regrouping.

  • Subtract multiple of ten from multiple of ten, up to 90.

  • Subtract a 1-digit number from a 2-digit number, no regrouping.

  • Subtract multiple of ten from a 2-digit number, within 100, no regrouping.

  • Subtract within 100, no regrouping.

  • Organize data into (up to 3) categories.

  • Identify and compare frequencies across categories.

  • Identify odd and even numbers.

  • Recognize that addition is commutative.

  • Express an even number as sum of two equal addends.

  • Recognize that addition is associative.

  • Match objects in rectangular arrays to an expression showing repeated addition of equal addends.

  • Understand meaning of equal sign.

  • Identify halves, fourths, and quarters of circles and rectangles.

  • Identify a partitioned whole as two-halves, four-fourths, or four-quarters.

  • Compare lengths of several objects.

  • Find length in nonstandard units using a measurement with no gaps and no overlaps.

  • Identify halves, fourths, and quarters of circles and rectangles.

  • Identify a partitioned whole as two-halves, four-fourths, or four-quarters.

  • Represent a set of tens and no ones, shown as base-ten blocks, as a (multiple of ten) numeral.

  • Represent a set of base-ten blocks, through 120, as a numeral.

  • Compare 2-digit numbers using the <, =, and > symbols.

  • Match a set of tens and ones given in words to a 2-digit number.

  • Identify halves, fourths, and quarters of circles and rectangles.

  • Identify a partitioned whole as two-halves, four-fourths, or four-quarters.

  • Distinguish defining vs. non-defining attributes of shapes.

  • Identify the shapes composing a composite 2D shape.

  • Identify the shapes composing a composite 3D shape.

  • Identify halves, fourths, and quarters of circles and rectangles.

  • Identify a partitioned whole as two-halves, four-fourths, or four-quarters.

  • Identify halves, fourths, and quarters of circles and rectangles.

  • Identify a partitioned whole as two-halves, four-fourths, or four-quarters.

  • Use addition and subtraction within 20 to solve problems of adding to, taking from, and putting together with result unknown.

  • Use addition and subtraction within 20 to solve problems of putting together/taking apart with part unknown, and problems of adding to with change unknown and start unknown.

  • Use addition and subtraction within 20 to solve for larger-unknown and smaller- unknown values in compare problems.

  • Compare lengths of several objects.

  • Find length in nonstandard units using a measurement with no gaps and no overlaps.

  • Tell time to half hour on analog clock.

  • Use addition and subtraction within 20 to solve problems of adding to, taking from, and putting together with result unknown.

  • Add 3 whole numbers to find the answer to a word problem, result less than 20.

  • Solve unknown addend problems having no context, within 20.

  • Solve unknown subtrahend or minuend problems having no context, within 20.

  • Use addition and subtraction within 20 to solve problems of putting together/taking apart with part unknown, and problems of adding to with change unknown and start unknown.

  • Use addition and subtraction within 20 to solve for larger-unknown and smaller- unknown values in compare problems.

 

Reading Skills

  • Explicit Comprehension of Text-Identify significant details in a passage.

  • Vocabulary in Context-Understand words and phrases that convey emotion or feeling.

  • Vocabulary in Context-Identify sensory words and phrases.

  • Details That Support Ideas-Identify details related to the main idea or to the theme of a passage.

  • Main Idea or Summary-Understand the main idea of a passage.

  • Main Idea or Summary-Understand the theme of a passage.

  • Interaction of Literary Elements-Identify details about characters.

  • Interaction of Literary Elements-Identify details about a setting.

  • Interaction of Literary Elements-Identify details about events.

  • Text Structure-Identify how a passage begins or ends.

  • Style or Point of View-Identify who is narrating or speaking dialogue in a passage.

  • Explicit Comprehension of Text-Identify significant details in a passage.

  • Vocabulary in Context-Understand words and phrases that convey emotion or feeling

  • Details That Support Ideas-Identify details related to the main idea or to the theme of a passage.

  • Main Idea or Summary-Understand the main idea of a passage.

  • Main Idea or Summary-Understand the theme of a passage.

  • Interaction of Literary Elements-Identify details about characters.

  • Interaction of Literary Elements-Identify details about a setting.

  • Interaction of Literary Elements-Identify details about events.

  • Text Structure-Identify how a passage begins or ends.

  • Style or Point of View-Identify who is narrating or speaking dialogue in a

  • Explicit Comprehension of Text-Describe important details in a passage.

  • Main Idea or Summary-Identify the best summary of a passage.

  • Main Idea or Summary-Determine the subject of a passage.

  • Development of Ideas in Text-Explain how people, events, or ideas in a passage are connected.

  • Vocabulary in Context-Understand the meaning of words or phrases in context.

  • Text Structure-Use text features to find specific information in a passage.

  • Purpose or Point of View-Understand the purpose of a graphic or the overall purpose of a passage.

  • Arguments, Claims, and Evidence-Identify reasons an author cites to support a point in a passage.

Level C

Language Usage

  • Use a learned spelling pattern for the conventional spelling of single-syllable words ending in -dge/-ge such as "fudge" and "age."

  • Use a learned spelling pattern for the conventional spelling of single-syllable words ending in double consonants such as "ball" and "dress."

  • Use a learned spelling pattern for the conventional spelling of single-syllable words ending in -ck such as "pack."

  • Use a learned spelling pattern for the conventional spelling of single-syllable words with the diphthongs "oy/oi" and "ow/ou."

  • Choose adjectives to modify nouns.

  • Choose adverbs to modify verbs.

  • Use the past tense of common irregular verbs.

  • Use common irregular plural nouns.

  • Use reflexive pronouns.

  • Use collective nouns (e.g. group, team, class).

  • Recognize complete simple sentences.

  • Recognize complete compound sentences.

  • Use an apostrophe to form contractions.

  • Use an apostrophe to form frequently occurring possessives.

  • Use commas in greeting and closing of letters.

  • Capitalize holidays.

  • Capitalize dates.

  • Capitalize geographic names.

  • Use sentences as context to understand the meaning of a word or phrase.

  • Understand the meaning of a new word formed by adding a common prefix.

  • Use the meaning of individual words to understand the meaning of compound words.

  • Use glossary or dictionary entries to determine the meaning of words or phrases.

  • Make real-world connections between nouns and their use or traits, such as "Water is wet."

  • Differentiate between shades of meaning with verbs and adjectives (e.g., eat/gobble).

 

Mathematics and Reasoning

  • Add within 100.

  • Subtract within 100.

  • Add up to four 2-digit numbers, with regrouping.

  • Match objects in rectangular arrays to an expression showing repeated addition of equal addends.

  • Multiply 1-digit by 1-digit.

  • Match measurement data to a line plot.

  • Match single-unit scale picture graph to given data, up to 4 categories.

  • Match single-unit scale bar graph to given data, up to 4 categories.

  • Solve put-together and compare problems using data in a single-unit scale bar graph.

  • Identify thirds of circles and rectangles.

  • Identify a partitioned whole as three-thirds or four-fourths.

  • Find equal shares of an identical whole which do not have the same shape (e.g., find other pictures of one-fourth of the same rectangle).

  • Match number line diagrams to whole number lengths.

  • Identify thirds of circles and rectangles.

  • Choose appropriate tool for measuring length of an object.

  • Estimate lengths of objects in inches and feet.

  • Match number line diagrams to whole number lengths.

  • Identify a partitioned whole as three-thirds or four-fourths.

  • Find equal shares of an identical whole which do not have the same shape (e.g., find other pictures of one-fourth of the same rectangle).

  • Estimate lengths of objects in centimeters and meters.

  • Match number line diagrams to sums and differences within 100.

  • Match a numeral to the number represented by base-ten blocks.

  • Match a whole numeral less than 1000 to its representation in expanded form.

  • Match a whole numeral less than 1000 to its representation in word form.

  • Match number line diagrams to whole number lengths.

  • Compare 3-digit numbers using the <, =, and > symbols.

  • Match number line diagrams to whole number lengths.

  • Identify thirds of circles and rectangles.

  • Identify a partitioned whole as three-thirds or four-fourths.

  • Find equal shares of an identical whole which do not have the same shape (e.g., find other pictures of one-fourth of the same rectangle).

  • Find shapes which have a given attribute such as a specified number of faces or a specified number of angles.

  • Identify quadrilaterals.

  • Identify pentagons and hexagons.

  • Identify thirds of circles and rectangles.

  • Identify a partitioned whole as three-thirds or four-fourths.

  • Find equal shares of an identical whole which do not have the same shape (e.g., find other pictures of one-fourth of the same rectangle).

  • Identify thirds of circles and rectangles.

  • Identify a partitioned whole as three-thirds or four-fourths.

  • Find equal shares of an identical whole which do not have the same shape (e.g., find other pictures of one-fourth of the same rectangle).

  • Use addition and subtraction within 100 to solve problems of adding to, taking from, and putting together with result unknown.

  • Use addition and subtraction within 100 to solve for difference in compare problems.

  • Use addition and subtraction within 100 to solve problems of putting together/taking apart with part unknown, and problems of adding to with change unknown and start unknown.

  • Use addition and subtraction within 100 to solve for larger-unknown and smaller- unknown values in compare problems.

  • Choose appropriate tool for measuring length of an object.

  • Tell time to nearest five minutes on analog clock.

  • Solve addition and subtraction word problems involving dollar bills and coins.

  • Estimate lengths of objects in inches and feet.

  • Estimate lengths of objects in centimeters and meters.

  • Use addition and subtraction within 100 to solve length word problems with unknown result.

  • Use a.m. and p.m. correctly.

  • Represent collections of dollar bills and coins as an amount using dollar and cent symbols appropriately.

  • Match number line diagrams to whole number lengths.

  • Find the difference in standard-unit lengths for two objects.

  • Use addition and subtraction within 100 to solve length word problems with unknown part and known result.

  • Use addition and subtraction within 100 to solve problems of adding to, taking from, and putting together with result unknown.

  • Use addition and subtraction within 100 to solve for difference in compare problems.

  • Use addition and subtraction within 100 to solve problems of putting together/taking apart with part unknown, and problems of adding to with change unknown and start unknown.

  • Use addition and subtraction within 100 to solve for larger-unknown and smaller- unknown values in compare problems.

  • Solve unknown addend problem having no context, within 100.

  • Solve unknown subtrahend or minuend problem having no context, within 100.

  • Use addition and subtraction within 100 to solve two-step problems across various problem schemas and with unknowns in all positions.

 

Reading Skills

  • Explicit Comprehension of Text-Answer questions about significant details in a passage.

  • Vocabulary in Context-Understand the meaning of words or phrases in context.

  • Main Idea or Summary-Understand the main idea of a passage.

  • Main Idea or Summary-Understand the central message or moral of a passage.

  • Details That Support Ideas-Identify a detail that relates to the main idea, central message, or moral of a passage.

  • Interaction of Literary Elements-Understand how characters respond to major events in a passage.

  • Text Structure-Explain how plot events relate to each other.

  • Text Structure-Explain how a passage begins.

  • Text Structure-Explain how a passage ends.

  • Style or Point of View-Identify who is narrating or speaking dialogue in a passage.

  • Explicit Comprehension-Answer questions about significant details in a

  • Vocabulary in Context-Understand the meaning of words or phrases in context.

  • Main Idea or Summary-Understand the main idea of the passage.

  • Main Idea or Summary-Understand the central message or moral of the passage.

  • Details That Support Ideas-Identify a detail that relates to the main idea, central message, or moral of a passage.

  • Interaction of Literary Elements-Understand how characters respond to major events in a passage.

  • Text Structure-Explain how plot events relate to each other.

  • Text Structure-Explain how a passage begins.

  • Text Structure-Explain how a passage ends.

  • Style or Point of View-Identify who is narrating or speaking dialogue in a passage.

  • Explicit Comprehension of Text-Answer questions about significant details in a passage.

  • Arguments, Claims, and Evidence-Explain how reasons support the ideas in a passage.

  • Main Idea or Summary-Understand the main topic of a passage.

  • Main Idea or Summary-Understand the focus of individual paragraphs in a passage.

  • Development of Ideas in Text-Use language that pertains to time, cause and effect, or sequence of events to explain the relationships between events in a passage.

  • Development of Ideas in Text-Use language that pertains to time, cause and effect, or sequence of events to explain the relationships between ideas or concepts in a passage.

  • Development of Ideas in Text-Use language that pertains to time, cause and effect, or sequence of events to explain the relationships between a series of steps in a passage.

  • Vocabulary in Context-Understand the meaning of words or phrases in context.

  • Text Structure-Use text features to locate information.

  • Purpose or Point of View-Understand the author's purpose.

  • Represent addition or subtraction word problem using symbol for unknown.